1. The number of senate seats given to a political party will be determined based on the percent  votes received by a party (out of the total number of casted votes) on a provincial level.

  2. Political parties who receive less than five percent of the total number of votes will not be allotted any senate seats. The votes of that party will not be counted in the total number of votes.

  3. Each political party will provide the Election Commission with a priority candidate list of senators for each province. The lists should be provided ninety days prior to the election. The Election Commission will scrutinize and approve the lists within thirty days. The lists should be made public sixty days prior to the election.

  4. Candidates can only seek a Senate seat from the same Province in which they reside and have domicile.

  5. When a new Senate is elected, the current Senate is considered to be completely dissolved.

  6. Senate Powers
    ♦ Money Bills
    ♦ Military Operations and Wars
    ♦ Major International Treaties (value greater than 500 million USD)
    ♦ Major dams, ports, highways and new military bases
    ♦ Oil, gas and other major mineral exploration projects
    ♦ Federal Secretaries
    ♦ Chairpersons of Public Sector Enterprises
    ♦ Chief Election Commissioner
    ♦ Attorney General
    ♦ Auditor General
    ♦ Accountant General 
    ♦ Head of Accountability Bureau
    ♦ Head of FIA and IB

  7. ​All Senate decisions require at least  51 votes of the total 100 votes for approval. The above mentioned positions will be appointed by the President. Nominees will be interviewed and approved in a live televised hearing held by a Senate committee containing equal representation from each province.

  8. In case of senator’s death, resignation, or disqualification, the election commission will notify within 3 days the next senator from the priority list of that political party.

  9. There will be no by-election for senator for the remainder of the term.

  10. Senators have no role in executive affairs. Their role is strictly in legislation at the national level. This will set a trend where only educated individuals and experts have an interest in becoming Senators.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa & FATA:
 20 Senate Seats
Districts: 30

Kashmir: 20 Senate Seats
Districts: 17

Election of 
the National Assembly (MNAs) and 
the Provincial Assembly (MPAs)

*Each term is 4 years

 20 Senate Seats
 Districts: 27

Note***
AJK & GB be provisionally given status equal to a Province of Pakistan, subject to the settlement of Kashmir dispute in accordance with the UNCIP  resolution.
 

Punjab Senate Seats: 20

​Districts: 35

Sindh Senate

Seats: 20
Districts: 23

Do you agree with the proposed legislative reforms?

  1. The number of MNA and MPA seats allotted to a district will be determined based on the population of that district. For example, a district with a population of about 700,000 people should count towards one MNA seat and two MPA seats. A district with a population of 7,000,000 people will have ten MNA seats and twenty MPA seats. 

  2. In total, there should be 300 MNAs and 600 MPAs for all provinces.

  3. Each political party will provide the Election Commission with a candidate list of MNAs and MPAs for each district. The lists should be provided ninety days prior to the election. The Election Commission will scrutinize and approve the list within thirty days. The lists should be made public sixty days prior to the election.

  4. The system will not allow any individual candidate to contest the election of MNAs and MPAs. There will be no special seats in the National and Provincial Assemblies.

  5. ​Political parties are not allowed to list an individual more than once. Candidates may only appear on the list of one district. Also, an individual can only be listed as a candidate for one government position (Senator or MNA  or MPA).

    ​Election of MNAs and MPAs On the Basis of Proportional Representation at the District Level

  6. If a party gets less than ten percent of the total cast vote in a district, then the votes it has accumulated will not be counted. The political parties will get MNA and MPA seats on the basis of percentage votes which they obtain from the districts.

  7. Logically, there will be no independent and special seats in this system of proportional representation. There will be no controversey in determining the boundaries of a constituency because the district boundaries are already marked.
     

  8. By keeping the system of proportional representation at a district level, the spirit of a representational system is maintained. If the votes for each political party were counted at a national level, then this spirit could not exist. 

  9. If during a term, an elected candidate resigns or dies or disqualifies, the election commission will notify the next candidate from the priority list within 3 days.

  10. MNAs and MPAs have no role in executive affairs. Their role is strictly in legislation at the provincial and national level. This will set a trend where only educated individuals and experts have an interest in becoming an MNA or MPA.

​Vision for Pakistan

Note***
AJK & GB be provisionally given status equal to a Province of Pakistan, subject to the settlement of Kashmir dispute in accordance with the UNCIP  resolution. 

THE SENATE

There will be one hundred senators in Pakistan. Each senatorial term will be 4 years.

  1. Sindh: 20 senators

  2. Balochistan: 20 senators

  3. Punjab: 20 senators

  4. Khyber Pahktunkwha & FATA: 20 senators

  5. Gilgit Baltistan & Azad Kashmir: 20 senators

 
Note: The system will not allow any individual candidate to contest the Senate election.There will be no special seats in the Senate. There will be no seats from Islamabad. (Islamabad is not a province. Therefore, it should not be represented in the Senate.)